Medical Entomology - A Great Discipline Promising Innovations, Inventions and Entrepreneurship


  • Tyagi B K Sponsored Research & Industrial Centre, VIT University, Vellore 632014, Tamil Nadu



Medical, entomology, insects, arachnids, knowledge, industry


Medical Entomology is a highly fascinating and enterprising discipline with infinite possibilities of generating novel knowledge, on one hand, and innovative entrepreneurship, on the other. Insects, being spectacular, abundant and diverse group, are also most prodigious arthropods. They are important in the functions and processes of most ecosystems. Insects, arachnids, and other terrestrial arthropods comprise at least 75% of all the species of animals in the world. A great deal of scientific information on life come mostly from insects. Their dominance is a fundamental scientific insight yet not widely acknowledged. On one hand, some of these insects, especially hematophagous, are serious pests and vectors of serious diseases to both humans and animals. Such diseases warrant discovery of new insecticides, drugs, vaccines and tools for their management. The 2021 Nobel Prize to Dr Wu Tutu has been awarded for her discovery of a novel antimalarial, Artemisinin. On the other hand, a large number of insects and other arthropods are highly beneficial to humans as they are (i) sources for new protein molecules to be used in medicine, industry or insecticide production; (ii) saliva of certain insects, such as mosquitoes, is now being explored for producing anaesthesia; (iii) the flour-mite gene has a solution to epilepsy and (iv) certain carrion insects deserve a special attention for correctly pinpointing the post-mortem time interval (PMTI) of a dead-body. Medical entomology has thus earned a commensurate sobriquet, “employment & trade discipline of future.”


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




How to Cite

B K, T. (2023). Medical Entomology - A Great Discipline Promising Innovations, Inventions and Entrepreneurship. Indian Journal of Entomology, 84(Special Issue (December), 52–60.



Invited Review Articles


Brogdon W G, McAllister J C. 1998. Insecticide resistance and vector control. Emerging Infectious Diseases 4(4): 605-13. doi:10.3201/eid0404.980410.

Brunet B. 2008. Spiderwatch: A Guide to Australian Spiders. Reed New Holland, Australia, 176pp.

Duvallet G, Fontenille D, Robert V. 2017. Entomologie medicale et veterinaire. Marseille-Versailles, IRD Editions- Quae, 650 pp.

Escoubas P, Diochot S, Corzo G. 2000. Structure and pharmacology of spider venom neurotoxins. Biochimie 82(9-10): 893-907.

doi: 10.1016/s0300-9084(00)01166-4.

Hancock W. 2001. Cationic peptides: effectors in innate immunity and novel antimicrobials. The Lancet 1: 156-164.

Kandasamy C. 2021. DEPA (N,N-Diethyl Phenylacetamide): Commercial journey of India’s first indigenous mosquito repellent with novelproperties. Tyagi B K (ed.). Genetically modified and other innovative vector control technologies – eco-bio-social considerations for safe application). Springer, 369-377 pp.

Rash L D, Hodgson W C. 2002. Pharmacology and biochemistry of spider venoms. Toxicon 40(3): 225-54. doi: 10.1016/s0041-0101(01)00199-4.

Ross R. 1897. On some peculiar pigmented cells found in two mosquitoes fed on malaria blood. British Medical Journal 2: 1786-1788.

Service M W. 2014. Medical Entomology for Students. 4thEdition. Cambridge University Press, 306 pp.

Tyagi B K. 1981. Adult dragonflies as human food in the Nagaland State, India. Notulae Odonatologiceae (Holland) 1: 137-138.

Tyagi B K. 2003. Medical Entomology: A handbook of medically important insects and other arthropods. Scientific Publishers (India). 265 pp.

Tyagi B K. 2020. Mosquito Hunters: A history of hostilities against man’s deadliest Foe – the mosquito – since 1881. Scientific Publishers (India).474 pp.

Wang X H, Connor M, Smith R, Maciejewski M W, et al. 2000. Discovery and characterization of a family of insecticidal neurotoxins with a rarevicinal disulfide bridge. Nature Structural Molecular Biology 7, 505-513.