Preference and Preformance of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) on Different Host Plants


  • Gurmail Singh Department of Entomology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana 141004
  • Naveen Aggarwal Department of Entomology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana 141004



Bemisia tabaci, biology, cotton, development period, host preference, management, oviposition preference, soybean, trap crop, whitefly


Host preference and development biology of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) on brinjal, soybean, cucumber, cotton, tomato and Solanum nigrum L. was studied during 2020-21 at PAU, Ludhiana. Under free choice test conditions, cucumber was the most preferred host which attracted maximum number of adults followed by soybean. The other host plants in decreasing order of preference were cotton > brinjal > tomato > S.nigrum. Brinjal and cotton were the most suitable hosts having shorter development period, higher survival and fecundity. The survival of immature stages on soybean was 50% as compared to 67.5-72.5% on the most suitable hosts i.e. cotton and brinjal. Thus, soybean is a preferred host for adult feeding andoviposition but less suitable for immature stages of the B. tabaci. Hence, soybean may be exploited as atrap crop for the management of B. tabaci.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




How to Cite

Singh, G., & Aggarwal, N. (2023). Preference and Preformance of <i>Bemisia tabaci</i> (Gennadius) on Different Host Plants. Indian Journal of Entomology, 86(1), 75–80.



Research Articles


Abd-Rabou S, Simmons A M. 2010. Survey of reproductive host plants of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Egypt, including new host records. Entomology News 121(5): 456-465.

Attique M R, Rafiq M, Gaffar A, Ahmad Z, Mahyuddin A I 2003. Hosts of Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in cotton areas of Punjab, Pakistan. Crop Protection 22: 715-720.

Cook S M, Khan Z R, Pickett J A. 2007.The use of push-pull strategies in integrated pest management. Annual Review of Entomology 52: 375-400.

De Barro P J, Liu S S, Boykin L M, Dinsdale A B. 2011. Bemisia tabaci: A statement of species status. Annual Review of Entomology 56: 1-19.

De Barro P J, Trueman J W H, Frohlich D R. 2005. Bemisia argentifolii is a race of B. tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae): the molecular genetic differentiation of B. tabaci populations around the world. Bulletin of Entomological Research 95: 193-203.

Fekrat L, Shishehbor P. 2007. Some biological features of cotton whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) on various host plants. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 10: 3180-3184.

Fekri M S, Samih M A, Imani S, Zarabi M. 2013. Study of host preference and the comparison of some biological characteristics of Bemisia tabasi (Genn.) on tomato varieties. Journal of Plant Protection Research 53:137-142.

Foda M E. 2000. Population dynamics, host preference and seasonal distribution patterns of whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) in middle Egypt. Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conference. National Cotton Council, Memphis, Tennessee. pp. 1380-1382.

Holden M H, Ellner S P, Lee D H, Nyrop J P, Sanderson J P. 2012. Designing an effective trap cropping strategy: The effects of attraction, retention and plant spatial distribution. Journal of Applied Ecology 49: 715-722.

Horowitz A R, Kontsedalow S, Khasdan V, Ishaaya I. 2005. Biotypes B and Q of Bemisia tabaci and their relevance to neonicotinoid and pyriproxyfen resistance. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 58: 216-225.

Hossain I, Khan M M H, Jahan S M H, Ullah M H, Rahman M Z V. 2018. Host preference, fecundity and longevity of whitefly, Bemisia tabaci on brinjal and tomato. Bangladesh Journal of Entomology 28: 23-30.

Jones D. 2003. Plant viruses transmitted by whiteflies. European Journal of Plant Pathology 109: 197-221.

Kakimoto K, Inoue H, Yamaguchi T, Ueda S, Honda K I, Yano E. 2007. Host plant effect on development and reproduction of Bemisia argentifolii Bellows et Perring (B. tabaci [Gennadius] B-biotype) (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Applied Entomology and Zoology 42: 63-70.

Kedar S C, Saini R K, Kumaranag K M. 2018. Whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) as influenced by host plants in Haryana. Indian Journal of Entomology 80(2): 257-262

Khan M A, Akram W, Khan H A A, Asghar J, Khan T M. 2010. Impact of Bt cotton on whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) population. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 47: 327-332.

Khan M R, Ghani I A, Khan M R, Ghaffar A, Tamkeen A. 2011. Host plant selection and oviposition behaviour of whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) in a mono and simulated polyculture crop habitat. African Journal of Biotechnology 10:1467-1472.

Kranthi K R. 2014. Cotton leaf curl virus time bomb. Cotton Statistics and News 4:1-7. Lanjar A G, Baloch N, Rustamani M A, Lohar M K, Solangi A W. 2012. Preferential distribution of whitefly, Bemisia tabaci Genn. on cucurbit and non-cucurbit crops. Sindh University Research Journal 44: 381-384.

Morales P, Cermeli M. 2001. Evaluation of the preference of the sweet potato whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in five agricultural crops. Entomotropica 16: 73-78.

Muniz M. 2000. Host suitability of two biotypes of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) on some common weeds. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 95: 63-70.

Naveen N C, Caubey R, Kumar D, Rebijith K B, Rajagopal R, Subrahmanyam B, Subramanian S. 2017. Insecticide resistance status in the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci genetic groups Asia-I, Asia-II-1 and Asia-II-7 on the Indian subcontinent. Scientific Reports 7: 40634.

Palumbo J C, Toscano N C, Blua M J, Yoshida H A. 2000. Impact of Bemisia whiteflies (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) on alfalfa growth, forage yield and quality. Journal of Economic Entomology 93: 1688-1694.

Shah M M R, Liu T X. 2013. Feeding experience of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) affects their performance on different host plants. Plos One 8: 77368.

Sharma M and Budha P B (2015) Host preference of tobacco whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius, 1889) on vegetables in Nepal. Journal of Insect Science 20: 133-137.

Shelton A M, Badenes-Perez F R. 2006. Concepts and applications of trap cropping in pest management. Annual Review of Entomology 51: 285-308.

Simmons A M. 1994. Oviposition on vegetables by Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae): temporal and leaf surface factors. Environmental Entomology 23: 381-389.