Bioecology and Management of Major Insect Pests of Rice in West Bengal


  • S. Dutta Rabindra Mahavidyalaya, Department of Zoology, Champadanga, Hooghly 712401, West Bengal, India.
  • A. Hossain Ecological Research Lab, Sidho Kanho Birsa University, Department of Zoology, Purulia 703104, West Bengal, India.
  • N. Roy Ecology Research Unit, MUC Women’s College, Department of Zoology, Burdwan 713104, West Bengal, India.



Oryza sativa, State Domestic Product (SDP), West Bengal Biotic Stresses, Sustainable Management, E 3 Strategy, Chemical, Pests, Status, Cultural, Biopesticides, Biological Resistant Variety, Pheromones, Population Based Control.


West Bengal is considered a large producer state of rice in India with an output of nearly 55.48% of total crop production of Bengal. In West Bengal, rice has grown in three different cropping seasons such as Aus (autumn rice), Aman (winter rice) and Boro (summer rice), contributing about 20.69% to the total net State Domestic Product (SDP). Rice production in West Bengal hampered by many biotic stresses mostly by stem borers [Scirphophaga incertulas (Walker, 1863), Sesamia inference (Walker, 1856), Chilo polychrysus (Meyrick, 1932), Chilo suppressalis (Meyrick, 1863)] leaf folder [Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Guenee, 1854)], plant hoppers [Nilaparvata lugens(Stal, 1854), Sogatella furcifera (Horvath, 1899)], leaf hoppers [Nephotettix virescens (Distant, 1908), Nephotettix nigropictus (Stal, 1870)], rice hispa [Dicladispa armigera (Olivier, 1808)], rice bugs [Leptocorisa acuta (Thunberg, 1783), Leptocorisa oratorius (Fabricius, 1794), Brevennia rehi (Lindinger, 1943)], gall midge [Orseolia oryzae (Wood-Mason, 1889)], etc. Demographic parameter has shown that rice pests are greatly affecting rice host either caused directly by creating dead heart (DH), hopperburn, onion leaf, silver shoot during different stages of harvesting or by indirectly transmitting grassy stunt virus (RGSV), rice ragged stunt virus (RRSV), rice tungro viruses (RTV), rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV) etc. resulting 9.5% production loss. For minimize the infestation farmers use different rice varieties which provide resistance effect in pest population. For controlling rice pest population farmers mostly use chemical insecticide [e.g. fipronil, acephate, fipronil, monocrotophos] which exhibit good results against rice pests. Beside those other techniques including using biological and biochemical pesticides [neem oil, karanj oil, mahua oil, conidial suspension of M. anisopliae], pheromones [(Z)-11-hexadecinal, (Z)-9-hexadecenal], allomones [5:1 mixture of 2-(E)-octenyl acetate and octanol 3-octenal], cultutal methods [synchronized planting, using of trap crop etc.] are effective for controlling rice pests. The population ecology based sustainable management of such pest species will support E3 strategy [Ecosystem service-based ecological engineering for ecological pest management (ESS-EE-EPM)] of pest management for successful cultivation of rice in the near future.


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How to Cite

Dutta, S., Hossain, A., & Roy, . N. (2023). Bioecology and Management of Major Insect Pests of Rice in West Bengal. Indian Journal of Entomology, 86(1), 300–318.



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